International Anti-Mine Center to be Created in Russia

5An international anti-mine center will appear in Russia in 2014. Specialists in combating explosive devices, including improvised ones, will be trained there. Countries of the North Atlantic Alliance will participate in creating the new educational structure. It is expected that combat engineers trained at the Russian centre will be in demand in many regions of the world.

1The idea of creating an international combat engineers’ training center was put forward by Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu. The head of the Russian Defense Ministry proposed to establish a teaching center, which will train relevant specialists from different countries, and locate it in Russia. NATO representatives supported the initiative, editor-in-chief of the Arsenal Otechestva Victor Murakhovsky says.

“Russian specialists command significant respect and have years of experience in detecting and eliminating landmines and improvised explosive devices. Russian designers and manufacturers produce special technical means that not only meet the international standards, but surpass them in some areas. NATO has less experience in this field. Secondly, it is necessary to agree on common working methodologies in carrying out activities for destroying mines and other explosive devices.”

3“Of course, these are subject matter specialists. They will mainly work for security services. It will be dangerous, if the knowledge that they will receive falls into wrong hands. Mine clearance specialists are in demand in many regions where conflicts have ended, but minefields have remained. They are appropriately paid and bring great profit to states. Many countries are now engaged in training such specialists. And the creation of such a single center where different teachers could share their experiences and transfer best practices, is a very interesting initiative of Russia, which was enthusiastically embraced by all states”, expert of the Center of Political Studies of Russia Vadim Kozyulin says.

The anti-mine centre will be opened in Russia this year. This was announced by head of the Engineering Troops of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, General-Lieutenant Yuri Stavitsky. Afghans will be its first students. The teaching will be conducted in their native language. Special attention will be paid to practical training. It is assumed that not only Russian but foreign specialists as well will share their knowledge.

2It is worth noting that there is long established cooperation between the engineering services of Russia and the United States. US combat engineers have crossed the ocean many times to exchange experience with their Russian colleagues. Moreover, Russia has a constantly updated data bank on different types of explosive devices, including homemade ones, and all incidents connected with explosions are being recorded in-detail as well. The Russian military is ready to share this information with its Western partners. Against the background of a terrorist threat, which is relevant to the majority of states today, such information could be vital at a critical moment.

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Defence Ministry Proposes to Establish Interuniversity Senior Divisions

5The Russian Defence Ministry proposes to establish interuniversity senior divisions not to separate the students of high schools without senior divisions for service. The head of the Russian General Staff, Army General Valery Gerasimov told this in an interview to “Rossiyskaya Gazeta”.

What will be changed in the system of military training?

1“It is already decided not to increase the number of senior divisions of universities. Another approach is selected: to create inter-university centers of military training on the basis of existing divisions, they will cover not only basic university, but also the nearby ones ,” he said.

At the same time, Gerasimov said the system of the military day would be retained, however, a particular day of classes would be chosen not for courses but for universities, which should synchronize their own educational program with the military training one.

4According to the head of General Staff, universities , located far from the existing senior divisions, the Defence Ministry will offer other forms of training.

“Interuniversity military training centers will not be different from the existing senior divisions and faculties of military training,” he said.

How long the military training in university will take?

When organizing military training in high schools it is planned to allocate 2-2.5 years on theoretical training, practical training will be carried out in the course of reserve training and will not take less than three months. Currently, the duration of these training does not exceed 30 days.

Gerasimov said that the proposed level of military training in high schools will be comparable with the preparation of the conscripts and provides the necessary quality. Defence Ministry also offers the universities to train not only officers, but also sergeants (foremen) and reserve soldiers (sailors).

“In addition, if it is possible, we need to prepare students for those military occupational specialties that are related to their future civilian professions – continued Gerasimov . – A particular attention should be paid to military training of medical students, as well as aircrew of aviation universities. It seems reasonable to train all of them according to the respective programs of military training.”

6The head of General Staff said that under the new system the student will receive the diploma of graduation only after successful completion of military training and qualification examination for military specialty. Otherwise, the student will not only get a diploma, but also he will not be promoted to the rank of a soldier, a sergeant or a lieutenant of the reserve, and he will serve by conscription.

3Gerasimov also recalled that in Russia those who evaded military service without a legitimate reason are forbidden to hold office at the state and municipal civil service. “The proposed form of military training in high schools allows students without interrupting their study process at the university to fulfill their constitutional duty and in the future to get a job in government agencies and bodies of state administration,” he stressed.

Russian Army Expects Less Number of Conscripts

2Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu confirmed that an increase in the number of contract soldiers in the Army will result in reduction of conscripts annually. However, generals do not plan to completely abandon conscripts recruitment. Armed Forces need professionals now and in the foreseeable future. This role is destined to military professionals. Their service and responsibilities will be easier, for example, conscripts will replace them in the protection and enforcement divisions.

Êóðñàíòû 212-ãî îêðóæíîãî ó÷åáíîãî öåíòðà ÑèáÂÎ â ×èòåProfessionalization parameters of our troops are already known. By 2017, there must be 425,000 contract soldiers, five years later their number will be nearly half a million. Given officers and warrant officers the situation at that time will be the following: about three-quarters of the army will be professional soldiers, the rest – conscripts.

GEORGIA-RUSSIA-CONFLICT-ANNUALBut how do they get as many specialists for the Army? This question has already been discussed in the Defence Ministry. There are three sources to supplement the professional part of the Army. The first one is reserve soldiers and sergeants.

After increasing military pay and the introduction of educational, housing and social benefits for the contractors, many are ready to return to the army.

Military enlistment offices and special offices are conducting their recruitment. The second source is recruits who decided to become professional soldiers after compulsory military service. As for the third source, generals have yet to develop it. It is about young people who already master or just going to get army profession in a civil university.

5To encourage people to a long and good service, the Defence Ministry think of the introduction of new financial incentives for military personnel. In particular, it is now preparing a government decree on the official ratios. The more a man will serve in the Army, the higher will be the size of the housing subsidy for him to buy an accommodation. “We would like to create such conditions in which it will be improper not to serve in the Army, and to serve their will be prestigious. We do our best for this, but it is much left to work on”, the head of the Defence Ministry said.

4We need professional soldiers to work on sophisticated weaponry and technology. The maximum use of domestic developments is the key rule of the military. We will purchase Army and Navy vehicles abroad only in the case when there are no Russian analogues.

What arsenal does the army need today ? According to Shoigu, one of the priorities is the development of long-range precision-guided weapons systems and update of the Strategic Missile Forces. “Most part of our power – both financial and organizational – is sent there”, the Minister said, adding that in the near future armed forces will be on the 100-percent level of new technology in these units.

Russian Army Requires 4G Connection on Battlefield

4After two years the Russian army wants to get a wireless communication system on the battlefield, working on LTE Advanced technology which is more modern than LTE (the fourth generation of cellular network) developed by civil mobile operators. According to the technical task of Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation in 2016 there will be tested a prototype – a mobile base station, three user terminals and network controller. 160 million rubles are allocated to perform development work.

1Download speed of all kinds of multimedia information (sound , video , mapping ) range from 100 megabits per second. The network will be adaptive – when a conflict or interference takes place transmitter and receiver will switch to another frequency. This will also prevent exposure of enemy’s jammers.

Broadband network should be encrypted and thus supports a network of commercial operators. Now the frequencies reserved for LTE networks in Russia are shared by the state and the mobile operators.

5The base station which is connected to the network subscribers will be mobile. Such stations based on “KamAZ” trucks are already available from commercial operators, according to the JSC “National Radiotechnical Bureau” (which provids advisory services to military and commercial operators).

2“There are mobile base stations on the basis of “KamAZ” trucks. For example, “MegaFon” will use them during the Olympic Games in Sochi. They provide communication at a distance of 1-1.5 km”, the representative of the company said. Also he stressed that it is completely impossible to produce equipment for LTE networks in Russia: we need chips , etc. , which we cannot produce yet.

Domestic enterprises only produce an assembly of foreign equipment for such technologies, confirmed CEO of the “Roselektronika” holding Andrei Zverev. “There are state military standards, but in spite of them, all uses overseas electronic base – with our equipment we will fail to achieve the desired characteristics,” said the deputy director for research work of the “Argon” Research Institute Vladimir Mishin.

1Use of foreign components poses a threat to safety, recalled the first deputy chairman of the State Duma Committee on Industry Vladimir Gutenev. “It’s not even the ability to listen to the commands that come from the commander. The absence of undeclared capabilities that can damage the device is much more important”, he believes.

LTE Advanced is the next generation of LTE networks, the fourth generation of mobile networks. It differs from the “basic” LTE by higher bit rate and the possibility of a distributed broadcast of the same signal with multiple ranges. For these networks directional antennas are also being developed, they can transmit a signal only to a subscriber. In addition, LTE Advanced supports backhauling – access to the network of one device through another.