After two years the Russian army wants to get a wireless communication system on the battlefield, working on LTE Advanced technology which is more modern than LTE (the fourth generation of cellular network) developed by civil mobile operators. According to the technical task of Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation in 2016 there will be tested a prototype – a mobile base station, three user terminals and network controller. 160 million rubles are allocated to perform development work.
Download speed of all kinds of multimedia information (sound , video , mapping ) range from 100 megabits per second. The network will be adaptive – when a conflict or interference takes place transmitter and receiver will switch to another frequency. This will also prevent exposure of enemy’s jammers.
Broadband network should be encrypted and thus supports a network of commercial operators. Now the frequencies reserved for LTE networks in Russia are shared by the state and the mobile operators.
The base station which is connected to the network subscribers will be mobile. Such stations based on “KamAZ” trucks are already available from commercial operators, according to the JSC “National Radiotechnical Bureau” (which provids advisory services to military and commercial operators).
“There are mobile base stations on the basis of “KamAZ” trucks. For example, “MegaFon” will use them during the Olympic Games in Sochi. They provide communication at a distance of 1-1.5 km”, the representative of the company said. Also he stressed that it is completely impossible to produce equipment for LTE networks in Russia: we need chips , etc. , which we cannot produce yet.
Domestic enterprises only produce an assembly of foreign equipment for such technologies, confirmed CEO of the “Roselektronika” holding Andrei Zverev. “There are state military standards, but in spite of them, all uses overseas electronic base – with our equipment we will fail to achieve the desired characteristics,” said the deputy director for research work of the “Argon” Research Institute Vladimir Mishin.
Use of foreign components poses a threat to safety, recalled the first deputy chairman of the State Duma Committee on Industry Vladimir Gutenev. “It’s not even the ability to listen to the commands that come from the commander. The absence of undeclared capabilities that can damage the device is much more important”, he believes.
LTE Advanced is the next generation of LTE networks, the fourth generation of mobile networks. It differs from the “basic” LTE by higher bit rate and the possibility of a distributed broadcast of the same signal with multiple ranges. For these networks directional antennas are also being developed, they can transmit a signal only to a subscriber. In addition, LTE Advanced supports backhauling – access to the network of one device through another.