Russian Armed Forces are planned to be fully provided with satellite navigation by 2020

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The Russian Armed Forces will be 100% equipped with satellite navigation by 2020, told head of the Military Topographic Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Federation Sergey Kozlov.

At the time, the armed forces are provided with satellite navigation equipment by 85%, while in 2012 the figure was 50%.

He noted that the navigation equipment is not meant for every soldier now, but he expressed confidence that “this is the matter of the very near future”.

Kozlov also said that at the present time a promising system to equip the Armed Forces with geospatial information is being formed in Russia.

More than 40 thousand sets of satellite navigation equipment have already been delivered to the troops in 2014.

Tsniitochmash: “Ratnik” to be supplied to Armed Forces at year’s end

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The “Ratnik” equipment has passed all state tests and starting from the end of this year will be supplied to the Russian Armed Forces, said General Director of the Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering (Tsniitochmash) Dmitry Semizorov.

“I am pleased to say that the “Ratnik” has completed all state tests. Since the end of 2014 and within the next three years, the equipment will be supplied to the Armed Forces,” – he said.

“Ratnik” is the Russian military equipment for the “soldier of the future”, which combines modern firearms, effective protection kits, reconnaissance and communication means, in total about 10 different subsystems.

Altai Aerospace Defense Forces to receive first space observation complexes

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A network of complexes detecting space objects will be deployed in Russia within the next four years, the first of which will appear in the Altai and Primorye, spokesman for Aerospace Defense Forces, Colonel Alexei Zolotukhin said.

Previously it was reported that before 2018 it is planned to deploy more than 10 new generation complexes of space control in a number of Russian regions.

He explained that their commissioning will significantly enhance the capabilities of Aerospace Defense troops in controlling the outer space, will help to extend the range of controlled orbits and decrease the minimum detectable size of space objects in 2-3 times.

State tests of “Granat VA-1000” UAV complex to begin at the end of the year

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At the end of this year, the Russian Defense Ministry will start state tests of the aerial reconnaissance and surveillance unmanned complex of the helicopter type “Granat BA-1000”, general director of the company “UVS AVIA” Vladimir Aghamalyan was quoted as saying.

According to him, tests are planned be completed in the first quarter of 2015.

“The cost of one set with the “Granat VA-1000″ was previously 3.5-4 million rubles with one drone, and 6-7 million rubles with two of them. Now the price of the complex reduced to 4 million rubles with two drones in connection with some decrease in its functionality”, – said V. Aghamalyan.

Over coming years Russian Air Force units to receive more than 300 new-generation radar stations

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In the coming years Air Defense units included in the Aerospace Defense Forces and Air Forces of the Russian Federation, will get more than 300 new-generation radar stations, said head of the air and missile defense command, Major-General Andrei Demin.

According to him, “in accordance with the state program of armaments there is scheduled a delivery of more than 300 new-generation radar stations to the troops. By 2015, the radio-radar troops which are on combat duty in the Moscow, will have about 50% of new radars and automation facilities complexes, “- said the agency.

Demin said that by 2020 air defense and missile defense units will be equipped up to 80% with the latest radar facilities and 100% automated.

Putin challenges NATO: Russia creates a new arsenal of nuclear weapons

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The Russian President said that the West should not be surprised by the aspiration of Moscow to implement a new plan for the modernization of the armed forces to strengthen the country’s defense.

Russia is creating a new arsenal of nuclear and conventional weapons in response to the recent actions of the United States and NATO. However, speaking Wednesday at a meeting with the government, Putin said that the tasks in the military sphere should be realistic and based on financial and economic capacity of the country.

Putin believes that the state program for the modernization of arms for 2016-2025 should be focused on the production of new types of offensive weapons that could provide guaranteed nuclear deterrence. In addition, the state program provides re-armament of strategic long-range aviation, as well as the creation of a new system of high-precision conventional weapons.

Military Robots Coming

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Russia’s newly established military robot design lab has finally gone into operation, Oleg Bochkarev, deputy head of Russia’s governmental Military-Industrial Commission told ITAR TASS news agency. Russia’s deputy prime minister Dmitry Rogozin was the first to have announced plans to set up a new laboratory at the Degtyarev arms factory in Kovrov last year planning to attract private investors to experiment and create prototypes that could join the troops if passing tests.

According to Rogozin, the robots will save lives: “We have to conduct battles without any contact, so that our boys do not die, and for that it is necessary to use war robots,” he said. The idea was backed by Russia’s Defense Minister Sergei Shoygu, who urged engineers to make robots combat ready by 2015-17, instead of initially scheduled 2020.

In 2012, Russia’s Advanced Rsearch Foundation was created to deal with robots, space defense and supersonic technology.

1This January Rogozin claimed the Foundation was working on a super sensitive Avatar-style robot which adjusts to human behavior and which humans can operate from inside. Rogozin, however, urged researchers to generate new ideas, rather than using already existing Western developments.

Robots that can kill people aren’t science fiction anymore: they’re reality. Russia has deployed armed robots, different from drones because they can select targets and decide to fire on them without any human input, to guard its missile bases. Russia wants to expand its robotic capabilities considerably, and it’s likely several other countries do as well. We’re slouching towards a future where robots play a frontline role in combat.

4The armed robots issue is becoming so real, so fast, that 87 countries sat down at a United Nations-convened conference from May 13th to the 15th to discuss banning the things. Those nations, including Russia, China, and the United States, discussed amending the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, which 117 countries have accepted, to prohibit the use of armed robots during wartime. A lot of the news coverage on this issue has treated robot arms control as if it’s a joke or a novelty. It’s neither: For over a year, Human Rights Watch has been building a campaign to pressure for banning military robots, arguing that they pose an unacceptable threat to civilian populations. Are they right? Should we be banning what HRW calls “killer robots”?

3The debate about robots in warfare comes down to the question of whether they would make war crimes more or less likely. There are serious arguments on either side. In many ways, this new argument about robots is an extension of much older argument about why war crimes happen and how to prevent them. This isn’t a joke anymore: the debate over military robotics is about preventing horrific abuse of real people.

Russia is not Willing to Send Troops to Ukraine Although Snap Drills Reveal Russian Military Training Improvement

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The results of snap combat readiness drills conducted last month have confirmed that training in the Russian military has improved, Russian President Vladimir Putin said.

“The intensity and quality of the forces’ training have improved,” Putin said at a ceremony attended by senior commanders.

3Putin added the improvement was aided by defense purchases last year, which have equipped the Russian army and navy with modern weapons.

The country’s military budget stands at about 2.5 trillion rubles ($70 billion), making it the world’s third largest behind the US and China.

The Ukrainian marine base in Feodosia, Crimea, surrounded by Russian soldiersLast month, Putin ordered snap military drills in Russia’s Western and Central military districts, which border Ukraine. The exercises involved dozens of vessels from the Baltic and Northern Fleets and aircraft of the Russian Air Force.

Moscow said the drills had no relation to the political standoff between Russia and the West over Crimea, an autonomous Ukrainian region with an ethnic Russian majority that joined Russia last week.

FINLAND-RUSSIA-DIPLOMACY-PUTINRussia is expected to conduct large-scale military exercises in the Eastern Military District in September.

The Defense Ministry said earlier that snap checks are to be conducted on a regular basis to ensure constant combat readiness.

6The ministry said in November that government spending on military equipment will increase 25 percent this year, to 1.7 trillion rubles ($52 billion), up from 1.35 trillion rubles last year.

But Federation Council Chairperson Valentina Matviyenko is confident that Russian President Vladimir Putin will not have to use the Federation Council’s permission to send troops to Ukraine for protecting the civilian population.

“I am positive that will not be necessary. The Geneva meeting mapped out ways to resolve the Ukrainian crisis (…) I hope that this permission (of the Federation Council to send troops to Ukraine) will not be used,” Matviyenko told a press conference in St. Petersburg on Friday.

2The Ukrainian crisis should be resolved exclusively in the dialogue between the authorities and society and the search for compromises for the sake of peace and stability in the country, she stressed.

Matviyenko reminded (listeners) that the Federation Council gave the Russian president permission to send troops to Ukraine proceeding from the situation Ukraine found itself in at that moment, Interfax reports.

“The events were unpredictable and we believed it was possible to provide the president with every instrument he could use to avert a threat to the security of the civilian population,” Matviyenko said.

1Russian President Vladimir Putin said on Thursday he hoped he would not have to use the right to send army units to Ukraine he has been given by the parliament.

“Let me remind you that the Federation Council of Russia has granted the president the right to use the Armed Forces in Ukraine. I very much hope I will not have to use this right and we will manage to resolve all pressing, not to say, critical contemporary problems of Ukraine with political and diplomatic means,” Putin said in a Q&A session.

He thinks Russia should do its utmost to help people in eastern Ukraine stand up for their rights. “We must do everything to help these people defend their rights and make an independent decision about the future. This is what we will be struggling for,” the Russian president said.

President Putin Met with Heads of Defense Industry Firms

1Russian President Vladimir Putin met with the directors of the country’s leading defense industry enterprises today to discuss possible options for substituting components currently imported from Ukraine and appropriate adjustments to state defense procurement.

During a meeting with government members in Novo-Ogaryovo, outside of Moscow, on Wednesday, Putin asked Industry Minister Denis Manturov to meet him once again on Thursday along with the directors of major enterprises of the Russian defense industry.

1Additional resources may be required, should a need arise to look for substitutions for components that are imported from Ukraine today, the president said.

“I think that in this case we will have to make certain adjustments to state defense procurement and our plans for defense and industry development. I am asking for the relevant proposals,” the president said.

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, for his part, said on his Twitter page on Wednesday that “possible and necessary measures of import substitution for dual- and military-purpose products” would be discussed at the meeting with the president.

Vladimir Putin argued that a potential halt to imports of defense industry products from Ukraine would benefit Russia as it would give a boost to the Russian military industry.

5“At my meeting with the government yesterday, we discussed ways of overcoming the difficulties that may arise in the case of non-delivery of individual types of Ukrainian defense industry complex products from Ukraine,” Putin said at a conference in Moscow.

2“We need to understand how serious this threat is and, if it does emerge, how quickly and at which enterprises we [will be able to] launch the manufacturing of such products, and how much it will cost us,” he said.

“I have no doubt that we will cope, it’s just a matter of how long it will take and how much it will cost,” the president said.

“Let me say immediately that, if this does happen, it will force us to revise our state defense contracts, but I’m sure that they are all tactical matters and that, most likely, it will eventually benefit Russian industry and the Russian economy. We will be investing in the development of our own industry,” he said.

1For example, Russia’s nuclear, missile industries are completely domestic.

Russia is not purchasing foreign electronics equipment for its nuclear missile shield as all the necessary electronics are being developed and manufactured within the country, the chief of Russia’s state-owned electronics holding company told journalists Wednesday.

1“Our first-priority task was to ensure the manufacture of the electronic component base for critical zones within Russia’s defense sector. And the nuclear missile shield is now one of these critical zones,” said Andrei Zverev, the CEO of Roselektronika.

The CEO added that the task had already been completed.

“One-hundred percent of electronic equipment for these purposes [nuclear and missile industries] is being manufactured in Russia,” he stressed.

Zverev specified that the bulk of the world’s electronic component industry is in Southeast Asia, with about 70 percent of global electronics production coming from Taiwan alone.

New Ratnik Military Equipment to Transmit Information to Military Medics

4In Russia, the Warrior (Ratnik) military equipment is in the final stages of state testing. The next-generation equipment is outfitted with a system to register the physiological state of soldiers, with special sensors transmitting information to military medics.

1According to Izvestia, the St. Petersburg Military Medical Academy named for Kirov (VMA) over the next two years will undergo an experimental modernization that includes a system to monitor soldiers’ vital functions and “to determine the physiological parameters of the wounded and assessing the severity of their injuries.”

The creators of the Warrior equipment (the Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering, part of the state corporation Rostec) confirmed to Izvestia that a health monitoring system was already being developed. The monitoring system is expected to be included in the next version of the Warrior equipment.

1The upgraded Warrior equipment will include body sensors that every minute will record parameters such as heart rate, respiratory rate, blood-oxygen saturation indicators, and microvascular blood filling. The system will store and analyze these figures, and any deviation from the norm will trigger an alarm in the medical service. This technology draws on the already-developed Sagittarius (Strelets) system of intelligence, control, and communication. All information is automatically saved on a flash drive that stores medical history.

3Soldiers in the medical unit will have access to all indicators on the condition of the wounded. Based on the severity of the injuries, the state of a wounded soldier will be assessed on a scale of 0 to 5. The medical company will use the data to prioritize the evacuation of the wounded and to identify the best possible ways to reach them based on their GPS coordinates.

The Ratnik warrior military equipment includes body armor, GLONASS-GPS navigation, the Sagittarius (Strelets) control system, a communicator, and an automatic weapon with night and thermal vision. The helmet is equipped to withstand a shot from a pistol at a distance of 10 m and has a thermal camera and video module for sniping. The Warrior equipment also includes food, water filters, medical supplies, a tent, and a sleeping bag. In total, the equipment weighs up to 20 kg.

2The Ratnik warrior equipment was first introduced in 2011 and is expected to be formally adopted in the summer of 2014. This year’s state defense order includes the supply of tens of thousands of sets of the combat equipment for ground, airborne, and naval troops.

The Warrior equipment is produced at the Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering (TSNII TochMash), which was founded in 1944 and is now part of Rostec. The enterprise focuses on the development and manufacture of small arms and ammunition, military equipment, artillery systems, optoelectronic devices, sporting and hunting ammunition, sealed containers for transportation and storage, and firearm simulators.